bako bako is a personal artlang used to describe and develop my personal philosophy. it is inspired chiefly by tok pisin and chinese, two languages i find fascinating. the script is inspired by mongolian and mayan scripts.
- verb-like adjectives
- most verbs need an object
front mid back close i mid e ə o open a
labial alveolar palatal velar stop b d t k fricative s ʃ nasal m n ŋ liquid l j w
always on the penultimate syllable, unless the third-to-last syllable is long and the second-to-last syllable is not.
i e o a ong ang el al bi be bo ba bong bang bel bal di de do da dong dang del dal ti te to ta tong tang tel tal ki ke ko ka kong kang kel kal si se so sa song sang sel sal shi she sho sha shong shang shel shal mi me mo ma mong mang mel mal ni ne no na nong nang nel nal li lo la long lang lal ji je jo ja jong jang jel jal wi we wo wa wong wang wel wal
in multiple syllable
no indefinite articles.
articles and verbs are inflected to match noun and pronoun class.
there are six mass noun phrases which must be used for any noun if a more specific one is not provided. all nouns are mass nouns. sacred, animal, vegetable, mineral, positive, negative
the number system uses base six.
doubling up a verb makes it a noun.
bako "to speak" -> bako bako "language"
doubling up a noun makes a multiple version
ma "one who supports" -> ma ma "community"
repeating the last syllable of a noun makes it a verb
basic word order is verb subject object
saka jang dong.
see person animal
'a person saw an animal.'
articles, numerals, demonstratives, adjectives, quantifiers, prepositional phrases, relative clauses, noun
the simplest noun phrases are nouns.
a noun can be made definite by postfixing an article, which must agree with the noun class.
adjectives are like nouns, and follow the noun.
'a big animal.'
jang kel ba.
person bad the
'the bad person.'
saka jang kel ba dong wō.
'the bad person saw a big animal.'
polar questions do not change their word order. the sentence is prefixed with the question particle.
wh-questions are formed using pronouns where there would usually be a subject, verb, or object respectively. 'i love you' can become
- who loves you?
- i what you?
- i love who?
respectively. unlike english, the subject and object take a different pronoun. this kind of question also takes the question particle, just like polar questions.
the writing system is a vertical abugida. the base vowel sound is /a/. text is writing from bottom left to top right, and letter forms are reminiscient of plants.
there are few punctuation marks. it is standard for each new sentence to be a new column, and words are not separated. a blank column is left to separate trains of thought.
the romanization system uses the same letters as english for all consonants, except for /j/ which is written as 'j', and /ŋ/ which is written as 'ng'. long vowels are written with macrons: īēāō.
ang adj right, true, correct
ba (o) n fish
bako v to speak
bako bako (o) n language
bo (da) n rock, stone
bobo v dead. from bo "stone"
da mw the mineral measure word
dedi mw the vegetable measureword
dodo (ka) n heart, life. from sound of heartbeat
ja pr third-person pronoun (he, she, him, her, it, they, them). possibly from jal "person"
jal (sha) n person
jo pr first-person pronoun (i, me)
ka mw the positive measure word. similar to kang "fire"
kang (ka) n fire. onomatopoeic (?)
ke negation word
kel (so) n badness. contraction from french quelle horreur 'what horror'
ki (da) n thing
kiki (sha) nw two. pair. repetition of ki "thing"
lamo v to laugh, giggle
lamo lamo (ka) n a laugh
ma (sha) n parent, carer, person who supports
ma ma (ka) n community
no pr second-person pronoun (you)
o mw the sacred measure word
sha mw the animal measure word
she pr placeholder, question word (who, what, which, etc)
sho (so) n water. onomatopoeic
so mw the negative measure word. similar to sho "water"
wa v to shine, to be bright
wawa (ka) n the sun. that which is bright
wo (da) n big thing. derived from exclamation